Tiokowe - Spirinchus thaleichthys - Longfin Smelt
Tiokowe, better known as "Hooligans" to the local community, are also known as Longfin Smelt - Spirinchus thaleichthys. They are similar to Eulachons which also go by the name "Hooligans", but Longfin Smelt spawn in the late Fall rather than the Spring. We understand that the Nooksack River population of Longfin Smelt has declined from its previous size based on the traditional ecological knowledge of the Lummi People. The Lummi People share an important cultural relationship with Tiokowe, and the staff at the SSRC are conducting research to understand more about the life history and biology of the Nooksack River population, to better protect and care for this species.